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How to Cook a 10 lb Ham (3)

How to Cook a 10 lb Ham?

Whether you’re making a holiday dinner or cooking for the family, everyone appreciates a deliciously glazed ham taking the center of the table. And a 10-pounder offers enough food for many people, making such a size welcome by most on their menus. But if you’re new to cooking ham, such weight may overwhelm you, especially since the recipe can be cooked in lots of ways. But not to worry, because here, we’ll show you how you can cook a 10-pound ham with zero hassle.

How to Cook a 10 lb Ham (3)

Ham Nutrition Facts

How to Cook a 10 lb Ham

Choosing the Ham

The first step to cooking a 10-pound ham is first deciding how you prefer it, and the reason is ham is sold using different criteria which we’ll explore below;

The Cut: You can buy ham from either the shank end or the butt end, but there’s a difference between both. While the shank end comes with more fat, the butt end is mostly lean meat. Both shank and butt ends may also come boneless, bone-in, or partially boned. And while boneless takes longer to cook than bone-in, the latter offers more flavor and moisture.

Fresh vs. Cooked: While hams can be sold fresh, some varieties can also be offered fully or partially cooked. Uncooked hams take the longest to prepare, and mostly need a high-temperature cooking environment, as also do partially cooked ones. But precooked hams only need heating to an internal temperature of at least 148F, which doesn’t take long in their case.

The Curing: Precooked and partially cooked hams may also come wet or dry-cured, depending on the style. Wet-cured hams are brined hams; that’s ham soaked in a salty liquid mixture. But when the ham is dry-cured, it means they’ve been rubbed all over with salt and stored so the salt percolates the meat. Curing is a preservation method for ham, and the wet-cured varieties are the most common.

Sliced or Unsliced: Hams are offered in two ways concerning the serving. The meat can come as a solid cut you can slice up after cooking, or a spiral-sliced batch that only needs a bit of cooking. And while most unsliced hams come as bone-in or boneless, spiral sliced hams are typically bone-in.

Smoking and Aging: Some varieties of ham also come smoked, and this process can take place for days to weeks. The meat is exposed to a cold smoker at 100F, and the type of wood used influences its flavor. Sometimes, the ham is heavily cured, smoked, and then hung to age for years. And through the one-to-seven-year period, the meat develops mold which promotes an intense and complex ham flavor. Smoked hams are pricey, but their cost spikes when the meat is also aged.

By these factors, you can select the ham you prefer, and the type determines how it can be cooked. But note that fresh ham must be baked so it can be fully cooked. Also, at 10 pounds, what you’ll get is a whole ham.

Preparing a Glaze

Ham doesn’t need much preparation before cooking unless you’re dealing with the fresh variety where you trim any excess fat off the cap. But all ham recipes excel with a delicious glaze and you can make this before the ham is fully done and add to its surface.

Most hams feature a glaze packet which you can prepare with instructions, but many prefer to make their glaze recipes from scratch. And it can include numerous tasty ingredients including options like dry mustard, brown sugar, maple syrup, honey, citrus zest, ground ginger, cloves, black pepper, nutmeg, and cinnamon. The glaze is prepared in a liquid base, which could be water, juice, honey, cider vinegar, or pan drippings from the meat.

Cooking a 10 lb Ham

You can prepare a 10-pound ham in numerous ways, and they mostly include similar instructions. But the doneness time depends on the ham variety and cooking technique. As a general rule, ham needs to reach minimum internal doneness of 160F to be considered safe for eating. And you can get it to this temperature using any of the methods below;

In the Oven

Preheat the oven to 325F, and put the ham in a roasting pan. Then, cook the meat uncovered at 18 to 20 minutes per pound till it reaches a minimum doneness temperature of 160F. Precooked ham will. Note that boneless hams will cook faster than bone-in hams, and fresh hams may take longer than 20 minutes. So, keep an eye on the meat thermometer as it cooks to ensure the perfect doneness.

If you’re adding a glaze, take the ham out 30 minutes before doneness time, then coat with the glaze and return it to the oven. You may have to slash the surface beforehand so the glaze seeps into the tissues for a tastier experience.


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In an Electric Roaster

Heat the roaster to 325F, season the ham, and wrap it in layers of foil. Ensure that the top part is open for the glaze. Place the ham on the rack, and put this on the roasting pan. Add some water to the pan, and stick the meat thermometer into the ham. Then, cook at eight to 12 minutes per pound until the internal temperature hits 160F.

More Tips

  • Ensure the meat thermometer is placed at the center of the ham for an accurate reading.
  • Note that precooked hams only need to reach minimum doneness of 140F before serving.
  • Ensure to prepare your glaze and apply it before the ham is fully cooked.
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How to Cook a 10 lb Ham (3)

Oven-Baked Ham (1/3 pound per serving)

  • Author: Bobby


  • One whole ham, 10 pounds, cook before eating
  • 1 1/4 cups packed brown sugar
  • Three tablespoons of pineapple juice
  • Two tablespoons of Dijon mustard
  • Whole cloves


  1. Prep the oven to 325F, then put the ham on a roasting pan and cook uncovered for 18 to 20 minutes per pound. The ham should be done when the internal temperature reaches at least 160F
  2. Remove the ham around 30 minutes before doneness time and increase the oven to 425F. Slash a crisscross pattern on the fatty surface.
  3. Mix the brown sugar and mustard with the pineapple juice and brush the mixture over the slashed patterns. Then, place a clove on each intersection of the pattern.
  4. Return the oven to 325F and place the glazed ham in, then cook for the final 30 minutes or until doneness is reached.

You can also watch this video for more help.